Saturday, August 18, 2007
When was the 'Septuagint version' invented?
In connection with a comment I've just made on the preceding post, I wonder if anyone can help me by informing me of the earliest reference to such a thing as a Bible version called the 'Septuagint'. What is needed is a reference to a Bible version as a version called 'the Seventy'. There are of course a plethora of mentions of 'the Seventy', but most of the earlier ones are references to a group of people who translated biblical texts, not to a version itself. References can be in Latin or Greek. References to omicron in the Hexapla should probably not be included as I am informed that this is a terminus technicus for the Fifth Column of the Hexapla, i.e. Origen's version, not to a version known as 'the Seventy'. Obviously at some stage the noun 'seventy' sometimes becomes singular, e.g. French 'la Septante'. By this stage it seems clear that a version is referred to. I'm pretty confident that there is no reference to a version called 'the Seventy' before Eusebius, but the earliest reference may in fact be quite some time after him. If you find any references please quote the original text so that we can judge it without chasing the wording. [I'm grateful for discussion with Peter Gentry to help formulate these ideas, with which he may disagree.]